管理ディレクトリ(/ var / lib / dpkg /)をロックできないのは、それを使用する別のプロセスですか?


1075

apt-getを使用しようとすると、次のエラーが表示されます:

 E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11 Resource temporarily unavailable)
E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?  
 

これを修正するにはどうすればよいですか?

108

You will get this message if you forget to use sudo when executing an apt command.

Otherwise this is a sign that something else is installing or removing software and has locked the apt database while it performs the actions. The programs that can do this are:

  • The Software Center
  • The Update Manager
  • The apt link installer (I think this now goes through SC)
  • The apt-get or aptitude command line utilities.
  • The Synaptic Package Manager

IMPORTANT: only try the below as a last resort since it can crash your system. First try killing any running instance of apt or aptitude as described in Faheem's answer.

You can force the lock off by removing the file, but it's not recommended without first closing the program that's holding the lock safely, since you could cause corruption or interrupt an installation (bad). The command provided by João should close the program that holds the lock and then remove the lock but won't protect you from install interruption:

sudo fuser -cuk /var/lib/dpkg/lock; sudo rm -f /var/lib/dpkg/lock   

And the same command can be used for the apt cache lock:

sudo fuser -cuk /var/cache/apt/archives/lock; sudo rm -f /var/cache/apt/archives/lock

110

The most likely way to hit this is:

  • boot Ubuntu
  • start a terminal
  • type sudo apt-get install whatever

and the command-line apt overlaps with update-manager automatically polling.

So if you try again in a few minutes that should fix it.


53

Only one program can hold the lock. Make sure that you are not running aptitude, synaptic or adept. Close the program and run it again it should work.You may either have synaptic open, or have another terminal window open running apt-get, or have the update manager running.Check it and see if any of those are running,if any of them is running close it and try again.

Try this command in terminal to find what is running

ps -e | grep -e apt -e adept | grep -v grep

Note:
If that doesn’t print anything, type the following in terminal to remove the lock

sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/lock    
sudo rm /var/cache/apt/archives/lock

Now you can install any Packages.


226

Remove your /var/lib/dpkg/lock file and force package reconfiguration.

sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/lock
sudo dpkg --configure -a

It should work after this.


912

This should be used as last resort. If you use this carelessly you can end up with a broken system. Please try the other answers first before doing this.

You can delete the lock file with the following command:

sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/lock

You may also need to delete the lock file in the cache directory

sudo rm /var/cache/apt/archives/lock
sudo rm /var/lib/dpkg/lock

After that, try opening Synaptic again.


16

This will happen if you have 'Update Manager' running in parallel for any update check or install as install process places Lock. If you're facing the same error without 'Update Manager' running you have to remove it from /var/lib/dgkg/lock, which definitely you can't do it manually

sudo fuser -cuk /var/lib/dpkg/lock
sudo rm -f /var/lib/dpkg/lock

works fine. Taken from: https://askubuntu.com/a/15469/68707


4

Just sudo rm -f /var/lib/apt/lists/lock and try again.

apt-fast MAY be responsible for not unlocking properly; this happens sometimes when you abort apt-get or dpkg too.


697

I see pretty much all the answers recommend deleting the lock. I don't recommend doing that as a first measure; maybe if there is no alternative. The lock is placed when an apt process is running, and is removed when the process completes. If there is a lock with no apparent process running, this may mean the process got stuck for some reason.

If you try

ps aux | grep [a]pt

or

pgrep -a apt

that will catch processes containing the word apt, at least. If you see an apt-get process or an aptitude process that looks stuck, you can try

sudo kill processnumber

and if that doesn't work try

sudo kill -9 processnumber

This should kill the process and may remove the lock. Killing an apt or aptitude process is harmless unless it is actually in the middle of package installation. In any case, if the process got stuck, you probably don't have a choice but to kill it.

Killing a dpkg process directly, if present, is not a good idea, because if dpkg is active, it is probably manipulating the package database, and killing it may leave the package database in an inconsistent state; i.e. corrupted.

Killing an apt-get or aptitude process is in general much safer.


21

This error may be caused by the Update Manager trying to automatically refresh the list of packages in background, usually right after your login, thus locking the directory.

In this case just wait few seconds (or more, if your last update was long ago) for it to complete or launch Update Manager to check the status.


17

Don't be so fast to remove something, it may totally damage your system; rather wait until the currently installing or uninstalling program finishes its task and after that you will get access. If you think that there is nothing currently installing or uninstalling, then just reboot your system with the command sudo reboot.


2

In my case I was getting the same message by not realizing I had switched to root user and was trying sudo apt-get. Once I realized this I just ran apt-get, and it worked. Silly, but it might still explain the error for some.


3

I don't see this answer anywhere above but on Ubuntu 16.04, I encountered this problem as well. The cause was the time on my computer was set into the future. (This is because I'm on a Windows+Ubuntu dual boot system and I guess I have messed up local time vs UTC time.)

One odd thing was that the locked file's date and time was the exact date and time that I ran the program.

I then used "fuser" as described in earlier posts and apt worked, but I was getting complaints about needing to run dpkg -a -reconfigure. When I did that, I got errors like:

newline in field name #padding

in files like '/var/lib/dpkg/updates/0003'.

All of this was very strange as I've never seen it before. So, I thought these were symptoms and changed my data and time manually. I knew there was a problem with the date/time when I logged in, but was ignoring it. (Previously, it was setting it automatically via the Internet and NTP).

Then, all of the above problems were fixed... Hopefully, this helps someone else! The most notable symptom is perhaps the date/time of the lock file being the exact date/time that you are trying to run the command.


10

If you have security updates set to auto-install this will happen frequently. I literally wait 30 seconds and it fixes the issue. Just throwing this out there in case anyone else encounters this issue.


6

In my case, I had to wait for several minutes for the lock to be released (looks like apt used to hold it). This all happened right after system boot.


4

I have had this issue numerous times. For me, it was almost always caused by apt-get or some GUI that called it getting hung for some reason. I had to kill it which left various locks in place.

The other answers bring up very good points about making sure no updates are currently running before doing anything drastic like removing lock files. However, once you are sure that's not the case, the following usually works for me. I got it by reading many answers to questions like this one.

While most or all of this is presented in the other answers, this distills the fix down to a few commands.

sudo fuser -vki /var/lib/dpkg/lock
sudo fuser -vki /var/cache/apt/archives/lock
sudo fuser -vki /var/cache/debconf/config.dat
sudo dpkg --configure -a

Use for unlocking the package system after an update of some kind crashed or terminated without finishing in some other way. These commands should be run in the order presented.


3

In my case, X crashed while apt-get was still removing old kernels. I used the System Monitor to confirm it was still running and not stuck. Everything was fine once the process finished.


49

So far the best way to get it working without breaking a possible background running installation ( as it could happen by removing the lock file), is stopping the service using apt:

Error:

# sudo apt-get upgrade
E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11: Resource temporarily unavailable)
E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/), is another process using it?`

Solution:

sudo systemctl stop apt-daily.timer

After upgrading the system I suggest re-enabling it, as the bug locking it could be fixed with the upgrade.

sudo systemctl start apt-daily.timer

I haven't verified this error gets fixed after upgrading. I'll add a new comment once I have that verified


33

First of all we should check what process created the lock file using lsof:

sudo lsof /var/lib/dpkg/lock

or in another situation where /var/lib/apt/lists/lock is problematic:

sudo lsof /var/lib/apt/lists/lock

The output will be close to something like:

COMMAND   PID USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF    NODE NAME
apt-get   12127 root   4uW  REG  252,1        0    86   /var/lib/apt/lists/lock

Then we should check what the commad is doing, we can find it out using ps, pgrep etc; the command is apt-get so I run:

pgrep apt-get -a

The -a switch lists the full command for me, in my case it's:

 pgrep -a apt-get
 12127 apt-get update

we can see that it's running update subcommand, I could run something like this too:

ps -f 12127

which produces:

UID        PID  PPID  C STIME TTY      STAT   TIME CMD
root     12127 12126  0 09:39 pts/0    S+     0:00 apt-get update

In this case I would wait for some minute for resource to be freed and if after 2 or 3 minute problem still exist or the command was something that I didn't care about or was not harmful for system (like this apt-get update) I send a SIGTERM to the process:

sudo kill -15 12127

It should do the work, If it didn't I'm going to send SIGINT this time (It's like pressing CTRL+C):

sudo kill -2 12127

If it didn't work too, we should send an SIGHUP (kill -1), and finally if nothing works I simply kill the process:

sudo kill -9 12127

or

sudo pkill -9 apt-get

Then I remove busy resources:

sudo rm /var/lib/apt/lists/lock

1

in my case, after:

  1. Open Firefox.
  2. Open terminal

I typed


sudo apt update
sudp apt upgrade
then I get that problems

E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11: Resource temporarily unavailable)
E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/), is another process using it?
I fixed that, running the command that was showed me after run sudo apt update

apt list --upgradable

This command will show you a list of programs in my case only Firefox, I closed Firefox, then could ran the command again without problems.

sudo apt upgrade

3

Check the Launcher to see if Software Updater is running. If so maximize it and have a look at what it is doing. If it is still checking, then wait for it to complete. When it completes it might tell you the software is up-to-date so close the app. If it says there are updates available, either do the update or click "remind me later". After this this app closes you can go back to using apt-get or apt.

If Software Updater is not running, just use the Dash to invoke it and the wait for completion and then decide if you want to update or click "remind me later". After this this app closes you can go back to using apt-get or apt.


2
sudo killall -9 apt && sudo killall -9 dpkg

Use at your own risk


0

For people who are interested in proactively preventing this bug in their scripts, I found that the -q flag on apt upgrade -yq was causing this issue for me. During the upgrade process I guess it would occasionally give me warnings (something along the lines of updating the desktop, would I like to continue), and if these warnings were suppressed, then I guess that causes apt to not unlock the files it was protecting and it got stuck.

Admittedly, I had trouble reproducing this error 100% of the time, but eliminating that -q option completely fixed the issue for me.


0

Like most everyone else I waited for the lock to be removed. After 30 minutes I gave up and hard booted to a different distribution. From there I used the internet for some research which landed me here.

It turns out unattended-upgrades.service is running. I found that be rebooting into the broken system and running:

sudo systemctl disable apt-daily.service
sudo systemctl disable unattended-upgrades.service
sudo systemctl disable apt-daily-upgrade.service
sudo systemctl disable apt-daily-upgrade.timer
sudo systemctl disable apt-daily.timer
sudo shutdown -r # Note it will take a couple minutes to reboot

allowed me to get the broken system working again for:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt install -f

However it didn't fix the kept-back packages and impossible situation reported by apt in the first place. It would appear this was causing apt to lock up at boot in the first place.


0

I have tried the top upvoted answers on this page and they always worked for me without exception, however I discovered an easier way to solve this problem. First some theory. What happens before a user gets this error message?

E: Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock - open (11 Resource temporarily unavailable)
E: Unable to lock the administration directory (/var/lib/dpkg/) is another process using it?  

/var/lib/dpkg/lock is locked, so the terminal temporarily can't use it, but what process is it locked by? This depends on the circumstances. If you have booted the computer a few minutes ago it is probably locked by the Software Updater app. Try closing the terminal and running the Software Updater app. After Software Updater finishes it will remove its own lock without the user needing to run any commands in the terminal.

Another case where this answer is useful is in a VM when booting an Ubuntu guest OS that has been inactive for a while. Normally the Ubuntu guest OS starts to update almost immediately. The updating process frequently locks out commands that require installing, removing or updating software until it finishes. Open the Software Updater, let it finish running and install whatever updates that you want to install. The Software Updater will remove its own lock when it finishes.